Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a serious condition which forms plaque due to buildup of cholesterol and scar tissue inside arteries. Individuals with PAD tend to have blocked or narrowed arteries in the legs, neck, arms and abdomen. The blocked arteries decrease blood flow, cause gangrene (tissue death) which may require amputation, and may cause dangerous conditions such as kidney diseases, stroke and hypertension, if not treated.
Peripheral vascular interventions are minimally invasive procedures performed to clear plaque and restore blood flow inside the arteries.
Angioplasty and atherectomy are peripheral interventional procedures used to open the narrowed arteries. These procedures are performed under the effect of local anesthesia at the site of catheter insertion or general anesthesia in certain cases.
After the procedure, you may have to stay in the hospital for 1 or 2 days until you recover. A dressing is placed over the catheter’s site of insertion. Drink plenty of water to flush out the dye. It is normal for the insertion site to turn red, black or blue, or swell for few days. Keep the site clean and dry. Avoid rubbing the insertion area. Avoid strenuous activities, heavy lifting or sports for few days. You can resume your normal activities after consulting with your doctor. Your doctor may prescribe medications for preventing clots. Immediately inform your doctor if you experience chest pain, bleeding from the insertion site, irregular heartbeats, shortness of breath, and foul smelling drainage or high fever.
Risks and Complications
As with any procedure, peripheral vascular intervention involves certain risks and complications. They include:
NMC Heartcare provides specialized and experienced cardiologists and the best available quality treatments. For further information regarding Peripheral Vascular Intervention, please contact NMC Heartcare.