Alcohol has a greater effect on women than men. Drinking even in small amounts affects women differently than men.
The ability of metabolism (break down) is limited due to size of the liver, water content of the body, higher percentage of fat as alcohol is not taken up by fatty tissues. Female hormones also affect the metabolic rate.
Alcohol can damage the baby of a mother who drinks during pregnancy, resulting in a set of birth defects called fetal alcohol syndrome. Watch for characteristics of the syndrome, which include:
Chronic heavy drinking is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease. Among heavy drinkers, men and women have similar rates of alcohol-related heart disease, even though women drink less alcohol over a lifetime than men.
Studies have shown that in some women, as little as one drink per day can slightly raise the risk of breast cancer.
Reports suggest that smoking and heavy drinking is linked to head and neck cancer and gastric cancer.
Many medications do interact harmfully with alcohol. Many of the cough formulas interact with alcohol (increases drowsiness).
If you are on medications check before you consume alcohol.
In most of the alcoholics there is reduced mental function, brain size, and changes in the function of brain cells. Research suggests that women are more vulnerable than men to alcohol-induced brain damage.